The Science behind My Recovery Plan, Recovery Capital and Recovery Management
REC-CAP instrument measures both positive and negative recovery capital.
In recent years, there has been a recognition that recovery is a journey that involves the growth of recovery capital. Recovery Capital is the construct for measuring individual progress on a recovery journey and it has become a commonly used term in addiction treatment and research yet its operationalization and measurement has been limited.
REC-CAP Purpose & Reliability
REC-CAP serves a dual purpose: the primary purpose is to operationalize the measurement of Recovery Capital Domains to inform recovery planning and the secondary purpose is to measure change over time (recovery capital outcomes).
REC-CAP reliability is validated through a psychometric study Recovery capital pathways: Modelling the components of recovery wellbeing published in the Journal of Drug and Alcohol Dependence (Volume 181, 1 December 2017, Pages 11-19). Findings indicate a pathway to recovery capital that involves greater time in residence (‘retention’), linked to an increase in meaningful activities and a reduction in barriers to recovery and unmet needs that, in turn, promote recovery capital and positive wellbeing. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0376871617304830?via%3Dihub
The REC-CAP instrument measures both positive and negative Recovery Capital in the following domains to provide a Recovery Capital Index Score.
Positive Recovery Capital Domains
- Personal Capital (five subdomains)
- Social Capital (five subdomains)
- Community Capital (five subdomains)
- Commitment to Recovery (five subdomains)
- Quality of Life & Life Satisfaction (five subdomains)
Negative Recovery Capital Domains
- Barriers to Recovery (five subdomains)
- Unmet Service Needs (eight subdomains)
Recovery Capital Index
- RCI is the sum of positive and negative capital scores.
Further publications pertaining to REC-CAP and Recovery Capital may be found here:
Recovery Capital Bibliography
Albertson, K., Irving, J. & Best. D. (2015). A social capital approach to assisting veternas through recovery and distance transitions in civilian life. The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 54(4), 384-396.
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Bathish, R., Best, D., Savic, M. & Lubman, D. (2017). “Is it me or should friends take credit?” The role of social networks in recovery from addiction. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 47(1), 35-46.
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Best, D., Andersson, C., Irving, J. and Edwards, M. (2017). Recovery Identity and Wellbeing: Is It Better to be ‘Recovered ‘or ‘in Recovery’? Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery, 12(1), 27-36.
Best, D. & Aston, E.. (2015). Long-term recovery from addiction: Criminal justice involvement and positive criminology.” Pp. 177-193 in Positive Criminology, edited by Natti Ronel and Dana Segev. New York: Routledge.
Best, D., Beckwith, M., Haslam, C., Alexander Haslam, S., Jetten, J., Mawson, E. and Lubman, D.I. (2016). Overcoming alcohol and other drug addiction as a process of social identity transition: The Social Identity Model of Recovery (SIMOR). Addiction Research & Theory, 24(2), 111-123.
Best, D., Beswick, T., Hodgkins, S. & Idle, M. (2016). Recovery, ambitions, and aspirations: An exploratory project to build a recovery community by generating a skilled recovery workforce. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 34(1), 3-14.
Best, D., Bird, K., & Hunton, L. (2015). Recovery as a social phenomenon: What is the role of the community in supporting and enabling recovery? In N. Ronel, & D. Segev (Eds.), Positive criminology (pp. 194-207). Abingdon, England: Routledge.
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Best, D., Edwards, M., Cano, I., Durrance, J., Lehman, J. & White, W. (in press). Strengths planning for guiding recovery capital. Counselor.
Best, D., Edwards, M., Mama-Rudd, A, Cano, I., & Lehman, J. (2016). Measuring an individual’s recovery barriers and strengths. Addiction Professional. November 1, 2016. Accessed January 16, 2019 at https://www.addictionpro.com/article/special-populations/measuring-individuals-recovery-barriers-and-strengths?page=3
Best, D., Gow, J., Knox, T., Taylor, A., Groshkova, T., & White, W. (2011). Mapping the recovery stories of drinkers and drug users in Glasgow: Quality of life and its predictors. Drug and Alcohol Review, 31(3), 334-441.
Best, D., Gow, J., Knox, T., Taylor, A., Groshkova, T., & White, W. (2012). Mapping the recovery stories of drinkers and drug users in Glasgow: Quality of life and its associations with measures of recovery capital. Drug & Alcohol Review, 31(3), 334-341. doi: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00321.x
Best, D. Gow, J., Knox, T., Taylor, & White, W. (2011). Recovery from heroin or alcohol dependence: A qualitative account of the recovery experience in Glasgow. Journal of Drug Issues, 41(3), 359-377.
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Best, D., Honor, S. Karpusheff, J., Loudon, L. Hall, R., Groshkova, T., & White, W. (2012). Well-being and recovery functioning among substance users engaged in post-treatment recovery support groups. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 30, 397-406.
Best, D., Irving, J. Collinson, B., Andersson, C. & Edwards, M. (2016). Recovery networks and community connections: Identifying connection needs and community linkage opportunities in early recovery populations, Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 35(1), 2-15. DOI: 10.1080/07347324.2016.1256718
Best, D., & Laudet, A. (2010). The potential of recovery capital. RSA Projects. Royal Society for the Arts.
Best, D., & Lubman, D. (2016). Friends matter but so does their substance use: The impact of social networks on substance use, offending and wellbeing among young people attending specialist alcohol and drug treatment services, Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, Advance online publication. doi:10.3109/09687637.2016.1149148
Best, D., Lubman, I., Savic, M., Wilson, A., Dingle, G., Alexander Haslam S., & Jetten, J. (2014). Social and transitional identity: exploring social networks and their significance in a therapeutic community setting. Therapeutic Communities, 35, 10–20.
Best, D., McKitterick, T., Beswick, T., & Savic, M. (2015). Recovery capital and social networks among people in treatment and in recovery in York, England. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 33(3), 270-282.
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